Over the past decade, Gemini has led to some important discoveries about the nature and nurture of early growth and eating behaviours. With the continued support of the Gemini families, the Gemini Research team has been able to publish a large number of important research papers. Below is a comprehensive list of of our publications.
We aim to update this list regularly, however if you are looking for a particular study that is not mentioned below please contact us.
Kininmonth, A.R., Schrempft S., Smith, A., Dye, L., Lawton, C., Fisher, A., Llewellyn, C.H., & Fildes, A. (2021). The Home Environment Interview and associations with energy balance behaviours and body weight in school-aged children - a feasibility, reliability, and validity study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 18(1).
Kan, C., Herle, M., Treasure, J., Jones, A., Rijsdijk, F., & Llewellyn, C. (2020). Common etiological architecture underlying reward responsiveness, externally driven eating behaviors and BMI in childhood: findings from the Gemini twin cohort. International Journal of Obesity, 44(10) 2064-2074.
Smith, L. Cornelia H. M. van Jaarsveld, C.H.M, Llewellyn, C.H., Fildes, A., Sánchez, G., Wardle, J., & Fisher, A. (2017) Genetic and Environmental Influences on Developmental Milestones and Movement: Results From the Gemini Cohort Study, Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 88:4, 401-407
Smith, A.D., Fildes, A., Cooke, L., Herle, M., Shakeshaft, N., Plomin, R., & Llewellyn, C. (2016). Genetic and environmental influences on food preferences in adolescence, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Volume 104, Issue 2, Pages 446–453
Harris HA, Fildes A, Mallan KM, Llewellyn CH. (2016) Maternal feeding practices and fussy eating in toddlerhood: a discordant twin analysis. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 13(1):81
Herle M, Fildes A, van Jaarsveld C, Rijsdijk F, Llewellyn CH. (2016). Parental Reports of Infant and Child Eating Behaviors are not Affected by Their Beliefs About Their Twins’ Zygosity. Behavioural Genetics, 46(6):763–71.
Fildes, A. van Jaarsveld, C.H.M., Cooke, L., Wardle, J., & Llewellyn, C.H. (2016). Common genetic architecture underlying young children’s food fussiness and liking for vegetables and fruit, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 103(4), 1099–1104
Syrad, H., Llewellyn, C., Van Jaarsveld, C., Johnson, L., Jebb, S., & Wardle, J. (2016). Energy and nutrient intakes of young children in the UK: Findings from the Gemini twin cohort. British Journal of Nutrition, 115(10), 1843-1850.
Schrempft, S., van Jaarsveld, C. H., Fisher, A., & Wardle, J. (2015). The Obesogenic Quality of the Home Environment: Associations with Diet, Physical Activity, TV Viewing, and BMI in Preschool Children. PLoS ONE, 10(8), e0134490.
Schrempft, S., van Jaarsveld, C. H. M., Fisher, A., Fildes, A., & Wardle, J. (2016). Maternal characteristics associated with the obesogenic quality of the home environment in early childhood. Appetite, 107, 392–397.
Fildes, A., Mallan, K.M., Cooke, L., van Jaarsveld, C.H.M., Llewellyn, C., Fisher, A., & Daniels, L. (2015). The relationship between appetite and food preferences in British and Australian children. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act
Fildes, A. van Jaarsveld, C.H.M., Llewellyn, C.H., Fisher, A., Cooke, L., & Wardle, J. (2014). Nature and nurture in children’s food preferences, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Volume 99, Issue 4, April 2014, Pages 911–917
Fisher, A., McDonald, L., van Jaarsveld, C.H.M., Llewellyn, C., Fildes, A., Schrempft, S. & Wardle, J. (2014). Sleep and energy intake in early childhood. International Journal of Obesity, 38, 926–929
Pimpin, L., Ambrosini, G., Llewellyn, C., Johnson, L., van Jaarsveld, C.H.M., Jebb, S.A., Wardle, J. (2013) Dietary intake of young twins: nature or nurture?, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Volume 98,1326–1334
Llewellyn CH, van Jaarsveld CH, Plomin R, Fisher A, Wardle J. (2012). Inherited behavioral susceptibility to adiposity in infancy: a multivariate genetic analysis of appetite and weight in the Gemini birth cohort. Am J Clin Nutr. January 25;95(3):633–9.
van Jaarsveld, C.H.M., Llewellyn, C.H., Johnson, L., & Wardle, J. (2011) Prospective associations between appetitive traits and weight gain in infancy, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Volume 94, Issue 6, Pages 1562–1567
Wijlaars, L.P.M.M., Johnson, L., van Jaarsveld, C.H.M., & Wardle, J. (2011). Socioeconomic status and weight gain in early infancy in International Journal of Obesity 2011 Volume 35 Issue 7 page 963-970.
Johnson L, Llewellyn CH, van Jaarsveld CHM, Cole TJ, Wardle J (2011) Genetic and Environmental Influences on Infant Growth: Prospective Analysis of the Gemini Twin Birth Cohort. PLOS ONE 6(5): e19918.
van Jaarsveld CH, Johnson L, Llewellyn C, Wardle J. (2010) Gemini: a UK twin birth cohort with a focus on early childhood weight trajectories, appetite and the family environment. Twin Res Hum Genet;13:72–8.